According to Tomlinson (2013:12-15), ‘it is generally accepted that [Second Language Acquisition] is facilitated by:
- a rich and meaningful exposure to language in use
- affective and cognitive engagement
- making use of mental resources typically used in L1 communication
- noticing how the L2 is used
- giving opportunities for contextualised and purposeful communication in the L2
- being encouraged to interact
- being allowed to focus on meaning’
Plus, Tomlinson cites research that suggests language learning is facilitated by motivation, having individual needs catered for, making use of non-linguistic communication and being relaxed (among other things). (more…)
In Developing Materials for Language Teaching (2013) Tomlinson introduces a text-driven approach to materials development. He goes into quite a bit of detail regarding text selection, offers a suggested framework for the approach and provides a practical example (pages 99-114). I won’t attempt to summarise, I’ll just say read the chapter! It was the most useful and applicable reading I undertook on my recent MA course.
For the purpose of this post, here’s the framework overview, taken from Tomlinson (2013:110, ©Bloomsbury)
We had to plan a lesson using the text-driven approach for a unit assignment. I chose to use my favourite poem as the text – Blessing by Imtiaz Dharker. Here’s a nice dramatization of it (I think originally BBC):
You can find the full text here
These activities are pitched at upper-intermediate, for young adults/adults.
I’m based in Bangkok, hence the personalisation in the first activity… (more…)